Temperate continental with clearly marked four seasons. A Mediterranean influence is felt in the country’s southern regions. The average annual temperature is 10.5°C. The average January temperature is around 0°C. Average summer temperatures rarely exceed 30°C.
January 1 – New Year March 3 – Bulgaria’s Liberation from Ottoman rule – the National Day Easter – one week after the Catholic Easter May 1 – Labour Day May 6 – Bulgarian Army Day May 24 – Day of Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture and the Slav Script September 6 – Bulgaria’s Unification September 22 – Independance Day December 25-26 – Christmas.
Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic with democratic government.
Bulgarian. English, German, French and Russian is spoken in the country’s resorts, hotels and restaurants.
Cyrillic. Signs along international motorways, in airports and resorts are also spelled in Roman letters.
86.6% of the population are Orthodox Christians, 13% are Muslims. The Bulgarian Church is autonomous and headed by a Patriarch.
Bulgaria is situated in Southeastern Europe and occupies the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. Area: 111.000 km2. To the north it borders on Romania, to the west on the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia, to the east on the Black Sea, to the south on Greece and to the southeast on Turkey’s European part.
Extremely varied: large plains and lowlands, low and high mountains, valleys and lovely gorges. The most famous mountains in Bulgaria are Rila, Pirin, the Rodophean Mountains and Stara Planina Mountain Range. Bulgarian relief is also famous with the Rose Valley, where the best red roses grow and where the “Queen of the Roses” Fest takes place.